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White Papers


Outdoor Recreation: Updated Statistics for 2012-2016

The Bureau of Economic Analysis shows the outdoor recreation economy accounted for 2.2 percent ($412 billion) of current-dollar GDP in 2016.


National Federation of State High School Associations Sports Participation Survey

For the 29th straight year, participation in sports at the high school level has increased. This paper has a breakdown of all sports.


eSports Graduates to the Big Leagues: Insights from Deloitte

With competitive gaming drawing larger audiences, eSports is filling arenas and boosting bottom lines for game publishers and event owners.


Major League Baseball Florida Spring Training Economic Impact Study

This study shows overall economic impact, jobs supported, and associated wages for the state of Florida for MLB Florida Spring Training.


Economic Impact of the 2017 Preakness Stakes on the Maryland Economy

This economic research examines the 142nd running of the Preakness Stakes and its impact on the economy of the State of Maryland.


Economic Impact of 2018 CIAA Tournament in Charlotte, North Carolina

The Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association made a significant impact during its basketball tournament in Charlotte, North Carolina.


The U.S. Golf Economy Report

This report presented by Golf 20/20 shows spending and income on the golf industry, providing an economic snapshot of the sport


The Economic Contributions of Winter Sports in a Changing Environment

This analysis discusses what changes we can expect in the future of the winter sports industry under high and low emissions scenarios.


Environmental Impact Study on Artificial Football Turf

FIFA recently performed a study on the environmental impact of recycling synthetic fields. The results of this research are here.



This report ranks the social media performance of 35 international federations of the IOC from March 2017 to February 2018.