White Papers | Sports Destination Management

White Papers


Pedal-Assist Mountain Bikes: A Pilot Study Comparison of the Exercise Response, Perceptions, and Beliefs of Experienced Mountain Bikers

As the cycling event industry changes, e-bikes (also known as pedal-assist), event owners will want to examine the efficacy of adding a category for these riders. This study examiners riders'...


The Impact of Sports on the Travel Industry

The U.S. Travel Association notes that more than 150 million individuals attended professional sporting events in 2018 across the five major sports leagues. What impact does attending and...


Guidance for Opening Up High School Athletics and Activities

The National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS) has created this document as guidance on how state associations can consider approaching the many components of “opening up” high...


The Event Safety Alliance Reopening Guide

The Event Safety Alliance Reopening Guide is a collective work by event industry professionals to help peers who are planning to reopen during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic.


Growth of the U.S. Outdoor Recreation Economy

The U.S. outdoor recreation economy accounted for 2.2 percent ($427.2 billion) of current-dollar gross domestic product (GDP) in 2017. The Outdoor Recreation Satellite Account (ORSA) also shows that...


Host City Survey: An Overview of the Impact of COVID-19 on Sports Events

The COVID-19 outbreak has taken the world by surprise and has brought great strain upon all parts of society, including cities and organizations involved in the hosting of international sports events....


An Economic Study of the Richmond Hill Disc Golf Course

The data collected from this study provides helpful information for making decisions, such as expected levels of course use and how to fund maintenance, at proposed and existing disc golf courses.


Global Games Report: 2019

This report examines the esports industry, including audience consumption, economic impact and predictions for the future.


The State of Running 2019

This is the first mapping of Global running participation. The analysis covers 107.9 million race results from more than 70 thousand events from 1986 to 2018. This is by far the largest study of race...


Sports in Los Angeles and Orange Counties: An Economic Development Analysis

In 2018, the sports industry in greater Los Angeles generated considerable economic activity by adding $6.2 billion in economic output and supporting nearly 40,000 jobs with a total labor income of...